SERIES: Pictorial History of the United States and Territories
SCENES: George Fox, the First Quaker, Preaching in Maryland; The British Pillaging Havre-de-Grace, 1813; Landing of Leonard Calvert with the First Emigrants, 1634.
SIZE: 3" x 5"
LITHOGRAPHER: Donaldson Brothers, N.Y.
CONDITION: Good, I'd say. This card is only lightly soiled, with slightly worn edges and corners. HOWEVER, there is a very sharp vertical crease running from top to bottom just to the right of center, which should be faintly visible as a thin white line in the scan. There are also diagonal creases across the upper and lower right corners. (Please see scans.)
MULTIPLE ITEM SHIPPING DISCOUNT: I will ship up to 4 cards for the single base shipping charge shown. For purchases of more than 4 cards, the shipping charge will increase by just a small increment for every 4 additional cards.
THE charter granted by King Charles I, to Sir George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, was issued to his son, Cecilius, who sent his brother Leonard Calvert to colonize the country. Fully 200 gentlemen and their servants sailed in 1633, and settled at St. Mary's. Religious freedom was then almost unknown in the world, and although there were stringent laws for banishing or severely punishing vagabonds called "Quakers," persons denying the doctrines of the trinity, etc., yet many of different denominations sought and found in Maryland a safe refuge from more rigorous enactments elsewhere. The long boundary dispute between the Baltimores and the Penns was settled when the English surveyors, Mason and Dixon, in 1763-67, ran a line 258 miles westward from the Delaware, marked with stone mile-posts, and at every five miles bearing the sculptured arms of Maryland and Pennsylvania. Human slavery never passed north of this line.
The State suffered greatly during the war of 1812, when Admiral Cockburn sailed up and down Chesapeake Bay with a powerful British fleet and plundered and burnt many towns. The first telegraph was erected from Baltimore to Washington, D.C., in 1844. Although a slave State, Maryland refused to join the other Seceding States in 1861. Secessionists, however, made a bold but unsuccessful attack on the Sixth Massachusetts Infantry, while marching through Baltimore, on the way to the rescue of the National Capital. This caused the first bloodshed in the Civil War.