Brassica rapa (Chinensis Group)
Belonging to the Brassica (Mustard) genus, Chinese cabbage has a botanical name of Brassica rapa (Chinensis Group).
A non-heading form of cabbage with thick white crisp leaf stalks and veins and glossy, smooth broad dark green leaves that form a loose cluster and do not have serrated edges.
It is an edible vegetable / herb that typically grows as an annual, which is defined as a plant that matures and completes its lifecycle over the course of a single year. Normally growing to a mature height of 25.0 cm (9.75 inches), Chinese cabbage grows with a erect habit. Some varieties of Chinese cabbage you may like to consider growing are: Pak Choi, Bok Choy, Extra Dwarf Pak Choi, Mei Qing Choi, and Toy Choy.
China is believed to be where Chinese cabbage originates from.
Due to how easy it is to grow in a variety of conditions, Chinese cabbage is great for beginner gardeners and those that like low maintainance gardens.
This plant info is provided by the myfolia gardener's wiki. All details about Chinese cabbage have been kindly provided by our members.
How to grow Chinese cabbage
Needs regular watering during dry weather as shallow-rooted. Most varieties are very day-length sensitive, which means they will bolt as days lengthen. When planted in spring, you need to allow enough time for them to reach a harvestable, useful size before this happens. Because of this, many Chinese cabbages do better in Fall than in Spring.
Try to plant in a location that enjoys full sun and remember to water often. Planting Chinese cabbage in loamy soil with a ph of between 6.1 and 7.8 is ideal for as it does best in weakly acidic soil - weakly alkaline soil. Keep in mind when planting that Chinese cabbage is thought of as tender, so remember to ensure that temperatures are mild before moving outdoors. G
rowing Chinese cabbage from seed
Direct sow outdoors in fall, sow in an unheated greenhouse or coldframe in winter, sow indoors before last frost in spring, or direct sow outdoors after last frost in spring.
Aim to sow 0.39 inches (1.0 cm) deep and try to ensure a gap of at least 9.75 inches (25.0 cm). Soil temperature should be kept higher than 18°C / 64°F to ensure good germination.
By our calculations*, you should look at sowing Chinese cabbage about 14 days before your last frost date .
Transplanting Chinese cabbage
A cool season crop that does best in rich loamy soils with lots of organic matter. In the tropics it is a winter crop.
Likes full sun, moist soils and is relatively frost tolerant.
Thin to about 25 cm in each direction.
Transplanted seedlings may bolt to seed so direct sowing is preferred.
Companion plants for Chinese cabbage
These plants have been known to grow well alongside Chinese cabbage so consider planting:
Repellent plants for Chinese cabbage
These plants will not grow well with Chinese cabbage so avoid planting these within close proximity:
Common Chinese cabbage problems
These problems, diseases and pests are known to affect Chinese cabbage plants:
Other names for Chinese cabbage
Bok choi, Pak choi, Choy sum, Shanghai paak tsoi, Bai cai, You choy, Napa, Mustard cabbage, Celery mustard, Peh-chai, Qing cai, Xiao bai cai, Sawi hijau, Chingensai, Shakushina, Taisin, Spay saa, Phak kat khao, Sawi-puteh, Pechay, Phak kwang tung, Cai be trang, Baby bok choy, (Mandarin), (Cantonese), (Shanghainese)
Brassica rapa ssp. chinensis, Brassica campestris var. chinensis, Brassica campestris chinensis, Brassica campestris var. chinensis
Misspellings: Chinese White Cabbage, Flowering Pak Choy, Bok Choy, white cabbage, Chinese celery cabbage, paak tsoi, pak toi, pak choi, bok choi.