Most of this apron is hand stitched. The only machine stitching is on the ruffle and it is hand sewn onto the apron. It is almost all cotton--the plaid is taffeta. I'm not sure if this was an art project or someone was using up all the scraps in their sewing basket. I find it intriguing. The girl's face is embroidered and everything is outlined in fat rick rack. Size wise it would fit a pre-adolescent girl or a very petite woman. Perhaps this was made by a young girl.