The artist painted the ceremony of Nuo dance, an ancient dance to drive away evil spirits and pray to the divine. On the left of painting composed of five spirit faces is the Nuo Totem. Three people are dancing in a circle of Nuo gods.
The Nuo Dance was initially a mystic ritual used to eliminate evil spirits. Its name comes from one of these rituals, where the participants would recite the word "nuo" in order to rid themselves of evil influence. First originating between the 11th and 16th century BC, Nuo has many similarities to early pagan and shamanistic practices; performers would train in ritual procedures and Nuo opera to greet and rid themselves of the evil spirits in question. It has since evolved into a more elaborate drama with masked performers. Although the dance declined after the Song dynasty, it is still performed by Chinese ethnic minorities in remote regions of the Guizhou, Hunan, Sichuan, and Anhui provinces.
Batik is a traditional method of producing colored designs on textiles with dyes, having first applied a wax covering to the parts to be left uncolored. China has been producing batik crafts for over 2000 years, and we are proud to share this tradition with you now.
Genuine batik has no machined substitutes; all of our items are 100% hand-made using a traditional technique. Because the wax cover often cracks slightly during the dye process, some dye will seep through the cracks, forming a unique pattern within the un-dyed area. It is known in China as the Ice Pattern," as it typically looks like the cracks found in ice cubes. These patterns are like fingerprints; no two genuine batik crafts will share the same pattern. If they do, you can be sure that the items are not genuine batik but are printed in factories.