Abies fabri (Faber's fir) is a conifer species in the family Pinaceae. It is endemic to Sichuan in western China, occurring on the sacred mountain of Emei Shan (from where it was first described) and westward to the Gongga Shan massif, growing at altitudes of 1,500–4,000 metres (4,900–13,100 ft).
It is a tree growing to 40 metres (130 ft) tall, with a trunk up to a metre in diameter, and a conical to broad columnar crown. The shoots are yellowish-brown, hairless or slightly hairy. The leaves are linear, 1.5–3 centimetres (0.59–1.18 in) long and 2–2.5 millimetres (0.079–0.098 in) wide, glossy dark green above, and with two white stomatal bands below; the leaf margins are slightly revolute. The cones are cylindrical, dark purple when immature, ripening purple-blue, 5–11 centimetres (2.0–4.3 in) long and 3–4.5 centimetres (1.2–1.8 in) wide, with slightly exserted bracts.
There are two subspecies:
Abies fabri subsp. fabri. Central and western Sichuan, in areas with heavy summer monsoon rainfall.
Abies fabri subsp. minensis. Northwestern Sichuan, with a slightly drier climate.
Abies fabri is closely related to Abies delavayi and Abies forrestii, which replace it to the south and southwest respectively in southern Sichuan and Yunnan, and to Abies fargesii, which replaces it further north in Gansu.
Trees to 40 m tall; trunk to 1 m d.b.h.; bark gray or dark gray, flaking; branchlets initially light brown or grayish yellow, turning brownish gray in 2nd or 3rd year, puberulent or glabrous; winter buds globose or ovoid, resinous. Leaves ascending on upper side of branchlets, pectinately arranged in 2 lateral sets on lower side, bright green adaxially, linear, 1.5-3 cm × 2-2.5 mm, stomatal lines in 2 white bands abaxially, resin canals 2, marginal, margin revolute, apex emarginate or obtuse. Seed cones shortly stalked, slightly glaucous, ovoid-cylindric or shortly cylindric, 6-11 × 3-4.5 cm. Seed scales at middle of cones flabellate-trapeziform, 1.4-2 × 1.6-2.4 cm, margin auriculate laterally. Bracts cuneate-obovate, apex broadly rounded, shortly cuspidate, cusp slightly exserted, reflexed, acute. Seeds narrowly ellipsoid, 1.3-1.6 cm including black-brown, cuneate wing. Pollination May, seed maturity Oct.
Mountains, river basins; 1500-4000 m. Sichuan.
The timber is used for construction, furniture, and wood pulp. The bark is used for producing resin, and the leaves for dry oil.